155 West Street, Brooklyn, NY 11222

Greenpoint

brownfield, CVOCs, VOCs, "Vapor Intrusion"

145 West Street, LLC
Site Description[1] 
Location: The Site includes the entire Brooklyn City Block 2530, bordered by Huron Street to the north, West Street to the East, India Street to the south, and the East River to the west. The Site encompasses the parcels identified on the New York City Tax assessor's maps as Tax Block 2530, Lots 1,55 and 56. Site Features: The on-Site structures include: • Lot I - a single-story vacant warehouse Huxley Envelope industrial building, depicted on the cover ofthis BCP Application, and rear asphalt-paved loading area at 143-155 West Street, sometimes referred to as 145-155 West Street; • Lot 56 - two-story building at 157 West Street; and • Lot 55 - two-story building at 159 West Street, which also contains a basement. Current Zoning Use(s): The Site is vacant, is currently zoned residential and is located next to other vacant former industrial or underutilized sites. The highest and best use of this land is no longer industrial, but for new, mixed use residential development. As such, the City recently changed the M or manufacturing area zoning in this area to dense residential development. Historical Use: Lot 1 (143-155 West Street) - Huxley Envelope: The Lot 1 single-story warehouse building (approx. 96,000 sf), was constructed in or about 1970 for Huxley Envelope, and was owned and operated by this envelope manufacturing company through 1995. Thereafter, it was operated as an ornament manufacturing facility until 2006 and the manufacturing building is still present. Lot 55 (159 West Street) - The small 2 story building on this parcel most recently contained a seafood distribution facility until two years ago. The two-story building includes a loading area and refrigerated storage units on the ground floor, an office on the second floor, and a storage area in the basement. The building was constructed in 1931. Lot 56 (157 West Street) - The two-story building, now also vacant, formerly contained a garage on the first floor and an apartment on the second floor. The building was constructed in 1931. Due to historic industrial uses at the Site, all three lots received an environmental or E designation by New York City Department of Environmental Protection (NYCDEP) during the Greenpoint rezoning of this area in 2006. The past identified on-site industrial uses included, but are not limited to, solvent based manufacturing, an iron works facility, and a commercial heating facility, are types of businesses/operations that typically stored and used hazardous materials, and/or generated hazardous wastes. Site Geology and Hydrogeology The Site is located within the City's designated coastal zone. Based on the currently known conditions at the Site, it is possible groundwater could migrate from the Site. Depth to groundwater at the Site has been found to date between 7 to 12 feet, and is located within a contaminated layer of soil. However, groundwater in the New York City area is not used as a potable water source. The potable water supply for the Site is provided by the City of New York, and originates from upstate reservoirs. Therefore, there is no potential that groundwater from the Site could affect either municipal water supply wells or recharge areas, but groundwater contamination could impact the adjacent East River. A historic 1992 spill on the Site is documented to have had an impact on surface water in the River. The Site is within the 1OO-year Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) flood plain sheet 36049702020F (dated September 5,2007).

Site Environmental Assessment
Nature and Extent of Contamination: Information submitted with the BCP application included a total of 23 subsurface soil samples and 9 groundwater samples collected from 11 locations accross the site. These samples showed SVOCs and metals in soil at concentrations typical of urban fill, other than one (1) soil sample from beneath the concrete building floor that had 20 mg/kg of mercury (restricted residential clean up objective is 0.81mg/kg). Groundwater results showed background levels of common metals and MTBE ranging from 1.3 ppb to 13.4 ppb, most likely resulting from an upgradient gasoline spill. A 20,000 gallon heating oil UST was removed from the site in 1994. Information submitted with the BCP application regarding the environmental conditions will be revised as additional information becomes available.

Site Health Assessment
Information submitted with the BCP application regarding the conditions at the site are currently under review and will be revised as additional information becomes available.
  1.  DEC Environmental Site Remediation Database.  Site Name: "Huxley Envelope Industrial Site".

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