Pennsylvania Avenue & Shore Parkway, Brooklyn, NY 11239

Starett City

superfund VOCs "vapor intrusion"

City of New York, National Park Service
Site Description[1]
The Pennsylvania Avenue Landfill is located on property owned by the City of New York and the National Park Service, south of the Belt Parkway between Fresh Creek and Hendrix Creek. The site was operated by the New York City Department of Sanitation (NYCDOS) as a sanitary landfill from 1956 to 1962, with the final top soil cover placed in 1963. In 1972, the site was reactivated by the NYCDOS as a construction and demolition debris landfill. The site was deactivated in 1979 and closed in 1985. The Record of Decision (ROD) was issued in February 1995. The selected remedy required capping, active leachate and product collection in the trench, and active gas collection. Remedial construction activities started in 2000. The following Remedial Activities: 1) Lengthening and deepening of the leachate/oil collection trench, 2) Construction of a package treatment plant, 3) Dredging of sediment in Fresh Creek, and 4) Construction of a force-main from the site to the 26th Ward POTW began in December of 2000. The landfill cap construction began in March 2002. The installation of the cap was completed in 2006 and the City completed planting indigineous plants to complete the construction in 2007. The site will be returned to the National Park Service to be part of the Gateway National Park system.

As part of a $200 million project, the city's Department of Environmental Protection covered the Fountain Avenue Landfill and the neighboring Pennsylvania Avenue Landfill with a layer of plastic, then put down clean soil and planted 33,000 trees and shrubs at the two sites. The result is 400 acres of nature preserve, restoring native habitats that disappeared from New York City long ago.  The first seeds were laid down in 2004 on the Pennsylvania Avenue Landfill, followed a year later by the first plantings of shrubs and trees. All told, the ecological portion of the landfill project cost about $20 million.  A spokeswoman for the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation said the Fountain Avenue and Pennsylvania Avenue Landfills, currently listed as a "significant threat to the public health or environment," could be reclassified by spring of 2010 as safe for public access, requiring only continued monitoring of their conditions.[2]

Site Environmental Assessment
The shoreline along Fresh Creek was saturated with oil that is contaminated with PCBs and heavy metals. This contamination leached into Jamaica Bay.

Site Health Assessment
Groundwater in the area is not used as a source of potable water. Shellfishing and swimming are prohibited due to bacteriological contamination. The site cap has been completed, limiting on-site exposure.

Contaminants of Concern
Type of Waste Quantity
OIL SLUDGE, SOLVENTS approx. 13 MILLION
PCB GALS/YR.
CADMIUM UNKNOWN
LEAD UNKNOWN
MERCURY UNKNOWN
PHENOLS UNKNOWN
METHYLENE CHLORIDE UNKNOWN

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